museum


museum
museum, library, gallery, archives, treasury are comparable but not synonymous terms when they mean a place serving as a repository for monuments (see DOCUMENT 1 for this sense) of the past.
Museum is the most general of these terms; it usually implies the intention both to preserve and to exhibit for the education of the public. A museum may be an institution concerned with the preservation and exhibition of objects of historical or scientific interest, especially such as illustrate the development of human civilization or the evolution of species, or it may be one providing for the preservation and exhibition of works of fine art (as paintings and sculptures), or it may combine both purposes. Consequently, the term is usually qualified in proper names or in general designation
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the Museum of Fine Arts

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the Museum of Natural History

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an art museum

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Library is applicable to a place (as a room, building, or institution) which houses a collection of books not for sale but available for use by specified persons or sometimes the general public. But library is applicable also to a collection of literary material and as such may vary in scope from a handful of books making up a personal collection to a usually public collection consisting of a vast store of books of all kinds and of all ages, manuscripts, records, documents, files of journals, and often, in addition, works of art and serving primarily to preserve works of literature and of reference and documents in all fields of research and to make them available to scholars.
Gallery (often art gallery) is used for a room, a suite, or a building housing and exhibiting works of art and especially paintings and pieces of sculpture. The term is used of a place housing a private as well as a public collection and (especially in the plural, galleries) of a place where works of art are exhibited for sale.
Archives, when the term designates the place where a collection of old records, old documents, old files, and similar papers are kept rather than the collection itself (see DOCUMENT 1), may refer to a building or, as is more common, to a part of a building (as of a library or museum) where such a collection is housed
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the archives of the city hall

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the archives of the department of state

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place a manuscript in the archives of the Royal Society

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Treasury is used to designate a place, often a room, where possessions of intrinsic value and often historical significance are stored and in some instances displayed to visitors
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in the treasury of the cathedral . . . there is a fine, whole, uncut chasuble— Rock

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The term is often extended to things or places that are or are felt to be storehouses of precious things
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forests whose treasury of bird and beast and insect secrets had been only skimmed by collectors— Beebe

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for quotable good things, for pregnant aphorisms, for touchstones of ready application, the opinions of the English judges are a mine of instruction and a treasury of joy— Cardozo

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New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • muséum — [ myzeɔm ] n. m. • 1778; « musée de peinture » 1746; lat. museum → musée ♦ Musée consacré aux sciences naturelles. Des muséums. Absolt Le Muséum : le Muséum national d histoire naturelle de Paris (appelé avant 1793 Jardin des Plantes). ● muséum… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • .museum — Introduced 2001 TLD type Sponsored top level domain Status Active Regi …   Wikipedia

  • .museum — est un domaine de premier niveau commandité (Sponsored Top Level Domain ou sTLD) utilisé exclusivement par des musées, des associations muséales et des membres de la profession muséale, comme ces groupes sont définis par le Conseil international… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Museum — Muséum Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Salle d exposition du Muséum Provincial (19 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Musēum — (griech. Museion), hieß bei den Griechen 1) zunächst ein Musentempel; dânu 2) überhaupt ein den Musen, d.h. den Wissenschaften u. Künsten, geweihter Ort. Das erste M. in letzterm Sinne errichtete Ptolemäos Philadelphos (284–46 v. Chr.) zu… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Museum — Museum, ursprünglich jeder den Musen geweihte Ort, Tempel u.s.w., später eine staatliche Anstalt, wie die von Ptolemäus Philadelphus in Alexandria gegründete, welche zur Entwicklung der Wissenschaft und zum Aufenthalt von Gelehrten diente. Heute… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Museum — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. mūsēum Ort für gelehrte Beschäftigung , dieses über l. mūsēum aus gr. mouseĩon, einer Ableitung von gr. moũsa f. Muse . Zunächst entlehnt in der Bedeutung Studierzimmer ; im 17. Jh. dann Kunstsammlung …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • .museum — Введение 2001 Тип домена общий домен в …   Википедия

  • .museum — es un dominio de Internet genérico de nivel superior utilizado exclusivamente por museos, asociaciones de museos y miembros individuales de profesiones relacionadas con los mismos. El dominio .museum entró al Domain Name System el 20 de octubre… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Musēum — (v. griech. musa, Muse), ursprünglich ein Musentempel; dann überhaupt ein den Musen, d.h. der Gelehrsamkeit, den Wissenschaften und Künsten, geweihter Ort etc. Das bedeutendste und wichtigste M. des Altertums im letztern Sinne war das zu… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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